Artificial intelligence is the study of how computers and machines can imitate human thought processes. It’s a rapidly growing field, with research in every area of AI increasing by 90% since 1996. The concept of AI began in 1950 with the work of Alan Turing, the “father of computer science.” Turing proposed the “Turing Test,” which tests whether a computer can think. The test requires a human interrogator to distinguish between a machine’s response to a text prompt and a human response. Since then, this test has undergone much scrutiny and remains an important part of the history of AI.
Currently, many countries are engaged in AI research and development. The global market for artificial AIEd is expected to grow substantially, reaching $6 billion by 2025. In fact, China and the United States are the two countries that spend the most on AI research and education. China, for example, spends nearly half of its education budget on AI research. For example, SquirrelAI, a company in China, has developed an artificial intelligence-supported adaptive education service.
Academics are already deploying AI-generated content in the publishing process. A 2005 MIT study demonstrated the potential of algorithms to automate academic publishing. The use of such technology may ultimately accelerate the academic process by facilitating more “automation of learning.” However, there are still many questions about AI in the field of higher education.